Epistemology; Science; Philosophy; Mathematics; Statistics; Informatics

Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Science & Philosophy is an International, double-blind peer-reviewed, open access journal, published every six months (June-December). Science & Philosophy is a multidisciplinary journal and aims to publish original research articles but also short communication and review papers of general significance that are written clearly and well organized. The journal is a source of information for professionals in a wide range of scientific discipline. Both English and Italian languages are accepted for publications. The journal is oriented on the scientific analysis of social phenomena, both by developing research with quantitative and qualitative methods and by interpreting with philosophical criticism. Science & Philosophy has its focus in the study of social phenomena both macro and micro, using the interdisciplinary approach of the social sciences, from economics to law, from politics to sociology, from history to social statistics. The journal focuses on the analysis of both phenomena and trends, for designing local developments and systems ecology. Scientific analysis is supported by an ethic of sociability.

 

 

 

Section Policies

Volume 1 Issue 1 2013

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 1 Issue 2 2013

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 2 Issue 1 2014

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 2 Issue 2 2014

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 3 Issue 1 2015

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 3 Issue 2 2015

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 4 Issue 1 2016

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 4 Issue 2 2016

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 5 Issue 1 2017

Editors
  • Fabrizio Maturo
Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 5 Issue 2 2017

Editors
  • Fabrizio Maturo
Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 6 Issue 1 2018

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 6 Issue 2 2018

Editors
  • Fabrizio Maturo
Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 7 Issue 1 2019

Editors
  • Fabrizio Maturo
Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 7 Issue 2 2019

Editors
  • Fabrizio Maturo
Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 8 Issue 1 2020

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 8 Issue 2 2020

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 9 Issue 1 2021

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 9 Issue 2 2021

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 10 Issue 1 2022

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 10 Issue 2 2022

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 11 Issue 1 2023

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 11 Issue 2 2023

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

New Submissions

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Volume 12 Issue 1 2024

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed
 

Peer Review Process

This journal has adopted a blind reviewing policy, where both the referee and author remain anonymous throughout the process. Please remove all identifying features from the paper itself, ensuring that authors’ identity is not revealed. However, this does not preclude Authors from citing their own works. However, authors must cite their works in a manner that does not make explicit their identity. Editors will email selected Reviewers the submission. Reviewers who agree to review the paper submit their comments, and select a recommendation. After the refereeing process is complete, a section editor will make a decision for acceptance or rejection. There are two types of revisions: major or minor. For a major revision, original referees will be invited to review the manuscript again. For a minor revision, no more reviews are required, the editor will make the final decision of acceptance if both the content and format are acceptable.

 

Publication Frequency

The Journal publishes two issues for each year.

 

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The journal is committed to real and immediate open access for academic work. All the journal articles are free to access immediately from the date of publication. There is no charge for readers to download articles and reviews for their own scholarly use. Benefits of open access for authors include:

  • Free access for all users worldwide
  • Increased visibility and readership
  • Rapid publication
  • No spatial constraints
  • Authors can share their research papers on their personal web-pages (i.e. ResearchGate, etc.).

Science & Philosophy publishes open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Licence. The Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC-BY) allows users to copy, distribute and transmit an article, adapt the article and make commercial use of the article. The CC BY licence permits commercial and non-commercial re-use of an open-access article, as long as the author is properly attributed. Copyright on any research article published by SCIENCE & PHILOSOPHY is retained by the author(s). Authors grant SCIENCE & PHILOSOPHY a licence to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. 
For further information, visit: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/. The following logo will appear in any paper that will be published from the volume number 31/2016 onwards:

Creative Commonce Licence

 

Info

Science & Philosophy is an international, peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published every six months (June-December). Science & Philosophy is a multidisciplinary journal and aims to publish original research articles but also short communication and review papers of general significance that are written clearly and well organized. The journal is a source of information for professionals in a wide range of scientific discipline. Both English and Italian languages are accepted for publications.

The journal is oriented on the scientific analysis of social phenomena, both by developing research with quantitative and qualitative methods and by interpreting with philosophical criticism.
Science & Philosophy has its focus in the study of social phenomena both macro and micro, using the interdisciplinary approach of the social sciences, from economics to law, from politics to sociology, from history to social statistics.
Science & Philosophy focuses on the analysis of both phenomena and trends, for designing local developments and systems ecology. Scientific analysis is supported by an ethic of sociability.

 

Editorial Board

Chief Editor

Maturo Fabrizio - Faculty of Technological and Innovation Sciences, Universitas Mercatorum, Piazza Mattei, 10, 00186 Roma, RM, Italy. fabrizio.maturo@unimercatorum.it – fabmatu@gmail.com

 

Honorary Editor

Eugeni Franco, Department of Communication Sciences - University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy - eugenif3@gmail.com.

 

Associate Editors

Blezza Franco - Department of Business Administration, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti - Pescara, Italy - franco.blezza@unich.it;

Rȃmbu Nicolae - Faculty of Philosophy and Social - Political Sciences, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romenia - nikolausrambu@yahoo.de;

Sciarra Ezio - Department of Social Sciences, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti - Pescara, Italy - esciarra@unich.it.

Veraldi Roberto - Department of Business Administration, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti - Pescara, Italy - roberto.veraldi@unich.it;

 

Editorial Board

Anatriello Giuseppina - Dipartimento di Architettura, University of Naples Federico II, Naples - giuseppina.anatriello@unina.it;

Arribas Jose Maria - Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain - jarribas@poli.uned.es;

Callejo Gallego Manuel Javier - Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain - mcallejo@poli.uned.es;

Casolaro Ferdinando - Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy - ferdinando.casolaro@unina.it;

Chitoiu Dan - Al.I.Cuza University of Iasi, Philosophy Department, Iasi, Romenia - dan811@yahoo.com;

Cimagalli Folco - Department of Jurisprudence, Economics, Politics and Modern Languages, LUMSA University - folco.cimagalli@gmail.com;

Ciprian Alecu - Gheorghe Zane Institute for Economic and Social Research, Iasi, Romenia - aiciprian@yahoo.com;

Corsi Vincenzo - Department of Business Administration, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti - Pescara, Italy - vincenzo.corsi@unich.it;

Corsini Piergiulio - Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Udine - piergiulio.corsini@uniud.it;

Costa Davide - University “Magna Graecia of Catanzaro” - davide.costa@unicz.it.

Cruz Rambaud Salvador - Department of Economics and Business, Universidad de Almería, Almería, Spain - scruz@ual.es;

Deriu Fiorenza - Department of Statistical Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy - fiorenza.deriu@uniroma1.it;

Fantinelli Stefania - Dipartimento di Scienze Psicologiche Della Salute e Del Territorio, Università degli Studi G. d’Annunzio Chieti–Pescara - sfantinelli@yahoo.it;

Figueiredo Elisabete - Department of Social, Political and Territorial Sciences, University of Aveiro, Vila Real, Portugal - elisa@ua.pt;

Gardaphe Frederick - Queens College, City University of New York, U.S. - fred.gardaphe@qc.cuny.edu;

Gatto Romeno - Department of Mathematics, Computer Science and Economics, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy - romano.gatto@unibas.it;

Gavrila Mihaela - Department of Communication and Social Research - Sapienza University of Rome, Italy - mihaela.gavrila@uniroma1.it;

Gerla Giangiacomo - Department of Mathematics / DIPMAT, Salerno University, Salerno, Italy - gerla@unisa.it;

Gjuraj Tonin - Rektor of the Universiteti Europian i Tiranës, Albania - tonin.gjuraj@uet.edu.al;

Hošková - Mayerová Šárka - Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Defence, Brno, Czech Republic - sarka.mayerova@seznam.cz;

Iacono Mauro - Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Caserta, Italy - mauro.iacono@unicampania.it;

Innamorati Stefano - Department of Industrial and Information Engineering and Economics, L'Aquila University, L'Aquila, Italy - stefano.innamorati@univaq.it;

Ispas Cristina - Universitatea Eftimie Murgu Reşiţa, Romenia - c.ispas@uem.ro;

Madureira Livia - Universidade de Tras - os - Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), Portugal - lmadurei@utad.pt;

Malizia Pierfranco - Department of Economics, Politics and Modern Languages of L.U.M.S.A., Rome, Italy - pfmalizia@yahoo.it;

Marconi Domenico - Faculty of Biosciences and Agro - Food and Environmental Technologies, Teramo University, Italy - dmarconi@unite.it;

Markovic Ljiljana - Faculty of Philology, Department of Oriental Studies, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia - liliana.markovic@gmail.com;

Mascella Raffaele, Faculty of Communication Sciences, University of Teramo, Italy - rmascella@unite.it;

Marradi Alberto - University of Florence, Florence, Italy - alkmar@libero.it;

Migliorato Renato - Department of Mathematics, University of Messina, Messina, Italy - renato.migliorato@gmail.com;

Montesperelli Paolo - Department of Communication and Social Research, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy - paolo.montesperelli@uniroma1.it;

Nicotra Luca - Cultural Association of Art and Science, Rome, Italy - luca.nicotra1949@gmail.com;

Pagano Umberto - Dipartimento Di Giurisprudenza, Economia e Sociologia, Università “Magna Græcia” di Catanzaro – umberto.pagano@unicz.it;

Palladino Nicla - University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy - nicla.palladino@unipg.it;

Paone Fiorella - Department of Business Administration, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti - Pescara, Italy - fiorella.paone@gmail.com;

Petrovic Mina - Department of Sociology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Serbia - mipetrov@ssb.rs;

Porreca Annamaria - Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, Laboratory of Biostatistics, University “G. d’Annunzio” Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy - annamaria.porreca@unich.it;

Rosati Norton Delfico Mauro - Rosati Law Firm & Partners - International LEGAL Advisors - info.btsconsultant@gmail.com;

Rotondo Paolo - Mathesis, Italyn Society of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Italy - paolo_rotondo@libero.it;

Ruggiero Christian - Sapienza University, Rome, Italy - christian.ruggiero@uniroma1.it;

Savarese Elisa - I.T.I. Renato Elia, Castellammare di Stabia, Italy - elisa - elsava2@gmail;

Secondini Simonetta - University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti - Pescara, Italy - simonetta.secondini@tin.it;

Sessa Salvatore - Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy - sessa@unina.it;

Sideri Daniela - Faculty of Psychology, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti - Pescara, Italy - sideridaniela@gmail.com;

Squillante Massimo - Department of Law, Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods (D.E.M.M.), University of Sannio - prorettore@unisannio.it;

Soitu Daniela - Tatiana - Al.I.Cuza University of Iasi, Philosophy Department, Iasi, Romenia - danielag@uaic.ro;

Tofan Ioan Alexandru - Department of Philosophy, Alexandru I. Cuza University, Iasi, Romenia - atofanro@yahoo.com;

Ventre Aldo Giuseppe Saverio - Department of Architecture and Industrial Design, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Caserta, Italy - aldoventre@yahoo.it;

Ventre Viviana - Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Caserta, Italy - viviana.ventre@unicampania.it;

Viglioglia Maria Teresa - Independent Researcher, Melfi, Italy - viglioglia.teresa@tiscali.it;

Vincenzi Giovanni - Department of Mathematics / DIPMAT, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy - vincenzi@unisa.it;

Vougiuklis Thomas - Department of Primary Level Education, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece - tvougiou@eled.duth.gr;

Vranes Aleksandra - Faculty of Philology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia - aleksandra.vranes@gmail.com;

Yalap Hakan - Nevşehir Haci Bektaş Veli University, Faculty Of Education, Nevsehir, Turkey - hakanyalap@hotmail.com.

 


Manager and Webmaster

Manuppella Fabio, APAV, Pescara, Italy

 

Legal Manager

Di Domenico Bruna, Teramo, Italy

 

Publisher

Accademia Piceno - Aprutina dei Velati in Teramo (A.P.A.V.)

 

Journal’s Policies

OPEN ACCESS POLICY, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSING TERMS

This journal provides immediate access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global knowledge exchange. The journal is committed to real and immediate open access to academic work. All of the journal articles are free to access immediately from the date of publication. There are no charge for readers to download articles and reviews for their scholarly use. Benefits of open access for authors, include:

  • Free access for all users worldwide
  • Increased visibility and readership
  • Rapid publication
  • No spatial constraints
  • Authors can share their research papers on their web pages (i.e. ResearchGate, etc.)

Science & Philosophy publishes open-access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License. The Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY) allows users to copy, distribute and transmit an article, adapt the article and make commercial use of the article. The CC BY license permits commercial and non-commercial re-use of an open-access article, as long as the author is properly attributed. Copyright on any research article published by Science & Philosophy is retained by the author(s). Authors grant Science & Philosophy a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely if its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. 
For further information, visit: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/. The following logo will appear in any paper that will be published from 2016 onwards.

 

PUBLICATION ETHICS AND MALPRACTICE STATEMENT, DUTIES OF EDITORS. AUTHORS, AND REFEREES, EDITORIAL PROCESS, AND REVIEW POLICY   

Science & Philosophy is committed to ensuring ethics in the publication and the quality of articles. The following duties outlined for editors, authors, and reviewers are based on the COPE Code of Conduct guidelines for Journal Editors. Editors, authors, and reviewers will also adhere to the submission guideline policies.

 

DUTIES OF EDITORS

  • Publication Decisions: Based on the review report of the editorial review board, the editor can accept, reject, or request modifications to the manuscript.
  • Review of Manuscripts: Each editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality, making use of appropriate software to do so. Following desk review, the manuscript is forwarded to blind peer review by the editorial review board, which will recommend accepting, rejecting, or modifying the manuscript.
  • Fair Review: The editor must ensure that each manuscript received by Science & Philosophy is reviewed for its intellectual content without regard to the sex, gender, race, religion, citizenship, etc., of the authors.
  • Confidentiality: The editor must ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: The editor of Science & Philosophy will not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his/her research without the author’s written consent.
  • Reporting Standards: Authors should present an accurate account of their original research and an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts will follow the submission guidelines of the journal.
  • Originality: Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work.
  • Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. The author is also expected not to publish redundant manuscripts or manuscripts describing the same research in multiple journals.
  • Acknowledgement of Sources: Authors should acknowledge all data sources used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in the research work.
  • Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. Others who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors.
  • Data Access and Retention: Authors should provide raw data related to their manuscript for editorial review and must retain such data.
  • Fundamental Errors in Published Works: If, at any point in time, the author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in the submitted manuscript, then the error or inaccuracy must be reported to the editor.
  • The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full) unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”). The journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Changes in authorship, or the order of authors, are not accepted after the acceptance of a manuscript for publication.
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material.
  • Upon request, authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data to verify the results’ validity.
  • Confidentiality: Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and treated as privileged information.
  • Acknowledgement of Sources: Manuscript reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all data sources used in the research. Any kind of similarity or overlap between the manuscripts under consideration or with any other published paper of which the reviewer has personal knowledge must be immediately brought to the editor's notice.
  • Standards of Objectivity: The submitted manuscript review must be done objectively, and the reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
  • Promptness: If a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete a review of the manuscript within the stipulated time then this information must be communicated to the editor so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer.

 

EDITORIAL PROCESS

Upon receipt of a manuscript, the editorial office will conduct an initial evaluation to assess its suitability for publication, including its scientific validity and potential contribution to the field. The editorial office will scrutinise the manuscript before being sent for peer review. Independent experts in the relevant discipline will conduct the peer review process, and at least two review reports will be collected for each manuscript. The identities of both the authors and reviewers will remain confidential, adhering to the principles of double-blind peer review. If necessary, the authors may be required to revise the manuscript based on the review reports. The final decision on acceptance or rejection rests with the Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editor(s). Accepted articles will then undergo copy-editing before publication.

The key steps and details of the process are as follows:

Initial Check:

The editor will assess the manuscript's structure, style, and adherence to the journal's guidelines upon submission. Additionally, the originality and thoroughness of the manuscript will be evaluated to determine its suitability for publication. Manuscripts lacking or inadequate in these aspects may be rejected without further review.

Peer Review:

Science & Philosophy follows a policy of double-blind peer review. This process aims to evaluate the articles' validity, quality, originality, and contribution to the field of knowledge. Reviewers, professionals and experts in the relevant research area are selected by the academic editor or based on the author's recommendations, excluding individuals with conflicts of interest. The reviewers assess the technical soundness, validity of methods, analysis, interpretation, and ethical conduct of the research. Reviewers are given approximately four weeks to prepare their review reports, with possible extensions granted upon reasonable request. At least two review reports are collected for each manuscript, and in cases where there are substantial differences in reviewer recommendations, a third report may be obtained.

Editor Decision:

Considering the suitability of selected reviewers, adequacy of their comments, author responses, and overall scientific quality of the paper, the journal's Editor-in-Chief will make a decision on the manuscript. The decision may be to decline, accept, or request minor/major revisions. A declined paper concludes the editorial process without further steps. An accepted paper may proceed to the production stage after the author addresses any recommended improvements to the manuscript format. Manuscripts requiring minor revisions move to the next stage of revision and accompanying reviews if necessary. If necessary, manuscripts requiring major revisions may be shared with the original blinded reviewer for further comments or undergo a new peer review.

Revision:

Unless under exceptional circumstances, a maximum of two rounds of major revisions are allowed per manuscript. Authors are expected to revise the paper based on the recommendations provided by the reviewers and editor, including necessary formatting changes. The revised manuscript should be submitted with highlighted revisions and an itemized response letter clarifying the actions taken in response to the reviewers' feedback.

Final Decision:

The Editor-in-Chief or associate editor(s) decide whether to accept or reject the manuscript. The acceptance criteria are based on the research's quality, originality, significance to the journal's readership, and contribution to the field of knowledge. Unless otherwise stated, manuscripts are subjected to double-blind peer review. Manuscripts proceed to production and subsequent publication only if they meet the appropriate quality and relevance requirements set by the Editor-in-Chief.

Production:

Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, the in-house editorial staff handles the production process, including copyediting, layout editing, proofreading, and final production. The journal is organized into yearly volumes and quarterly issues. However, articles are published online immediately after acceptance and production, regardless of the publication schedule.

 

DUTIES OF AUTHORS

- Reporting Standards: Authors should present an accurate account of their original research as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts will follow the submission guidelines of the journal.

- Originality: Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work.

- Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. The author is also expected not to publish redundant manuscripts or manuscripts describing the same research in multiple journals.

- Acknowledgement of Sources: Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in the research work.

- Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. Others who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors.

- Data Access and Retention: Authors should provide raw data related to their manuscript for editorial review and must retain such data.

- Fundamental Errors in Published Works: If, at any point in time, the author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in the submitted manuscript, then the error or inaccuracy must be reported to the editor.

- The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.

- The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full) unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)). The journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.

- Changes in authorship, or in the order of authors, are not accepted after the acceptance for publication of a manuscript.

- No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions

- No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material.

- Upon request, authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data to verify the results’ validity. 

DUTIES OF REVIEWERS

 - Confidentiality: Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and treated as privileged information.

- Acknowledgement of Sources: Manuscript reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Any kind of similarity or overlap between the manuscripts under consideration or with any other published paper of which the reviewer has personal knowledge must be immediately brought to the editor's notice.
o Standards of Objectivity: The review of submitted manuscripts must be done objectively, and the reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
o Promptness: In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete a review of the manuscript within the stipulated time then this information must be communicated to the editor so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer.

REVIEW POLICY           
This journal has adopted a double-blind reviewing policy, where the referee and author remain anonymous. Please remove all identifying features from the paper, ensuring the Authors' identity is not revealed. However, this does not preclude Authors from citing their own works. However, Authors must cite their works in a manner that does not make explicit their identity. Editors will email selected Reviewers the submission. Reviewers who agree to review the paper submit their comments and select a recommendation. After the refereeing process is complete, a section editor will decide whether to accept or reject. There are two types of revisions: major or minor. For a major revision, original referees will be invited to review the manuscript again. For a minor revision, no more reviews are required. The editor will make the final decision of acceptance if both the content and format are acceptable.

INSTRUCTION FOR PEER-REVIEWERS

The first responsibility of peer reviewers is to respond by the date indicated within the message accompanying the manuscript. If you are unable to review or return the manuscript by that date, please notify the editorial office as soon as possible so that the manuscript can be sent out to another reviewer without delay. The unpublished manuscript is a privileged document. Please protect it from any form of exploitation. If you believe you cannot judge a given article impartially, please advise the editorial office with that explanation. You are not requested to correct mistakes in grammar, but any help in this regard will be appreciated. In your review, please consider the following aspects as you evaluate the overall quality of the manuscript: importance, originality, clarity, organization, accuracy, methodology, results, interpretation, and references.

Reviewers should send the review form to the following mail addresses:

fabmatu@gmail.com.

Reviewers should download the journal form at the following link.

 

PLAGIARISM POLICY

Plagiarism, a specific subset of academic dishonesty, is the representation of another person’s work, words, thoughts, or ideas as one’s own. Plagiarism includes but is not limited to, copying material and using ideas from an article, book, unpublished paper, or the Internet without proper documentation of references or without properly enclosing quoted material in quotation marks. Plagiarism also includes sentences that follow an original source too closely, often created by simply substituting synonyms for another person’s words. “Plagiarism is copying another person’s text or ideas and passing the copied material as your own work. Thus, authors should both delineate (i.e., separate and identify) the copied text from your text and give credit to (i.e., cite the source) the source of the copied text to avoid accusations of plagiarism.  Plagiarism is considered fraud and has potentially harsh consequences, including loss of job, reputation and the assignation of reduced or failing grade in a course.

This definition of plagiarism applies to copied text and ideas (Plagiarism:  What It Is and How to Avoid It”, Peter Cobbett, PhD, August 2016):

  • regardless of the source of the copied text or idea;
  • regardless of whether the author(s) of the text or idea which you have copied actually copied that text or idea from another source; 
  • regardless of whether or not the authorship of the text or idea which you copy is known;
  • regardless of the nature of your text (journal paper/article, webpage, book chapter, paper submitted for a college course, etc.) into which you copy the text or idea; 
  • regardless of  whether or not the author of the source of the copied material gives permission for the material to be copied; and
  • regardless of whether you are or are not the author of the source of the copied text or idea (self-plagiarism).

This definition also applies to figures and figure legends and tables and table legends that you copy into your text.”  Plagiarism can be said to have clearly occurred when large chunks of text have been cut and pasted. Such manuscripts would not be considered for publication in the journal. But minor plagiarism without dishonest intent is relatively frequent, for example, when an author reuses parts of an introduction from an earlier paper. The editors judge any case they become aware of (either by their knowledge of and reading about the literature or when alerted by referees).

 

Manuscripts submitted to Science & Philosophy are analysed via the Turnitin anti-plagiarism software. The manuscript is not considered for review and publication when the article's similarity percentage is higher than 30%.

 

CITATION POLICY

Authors are responsible for properly acknowledging and attributing any material they use from external sources, including their own previously published works. It is important to provide clear citations for these sources and, when necessary, seek permission to use the material. It is not advisable for authors to excessively reference their own work, copy references without reading the cited sources, or prioritize citing their own, friends', peers', or institution's publications.

Furthermore, citing advertisements or advertorial material should be avoided. In accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics - COPE guidelines, we expect that "original wording taken directly from publications by other researchers should appear in quotation marks with the appropriate citations." This condition also applies to an author's own work. COPE has produced a discussion document on citation manipulation, with recommendations for best practices.

 

CONFLICT OF INTEREST DISCLOSURE

Authors are encouraged to disclose any conflicts of interest during the submission process. This includes revealing any financial interests or connections, whether direct or indirect, that could potentially introduce bias into the reported work, its conclusions, implications, or opinions. The disclosure of conflicts of interest extends to various aspects such as relevant commercial funding for individual authors, associated departments or organizations, personal relationships, or direct academic competition, among others.During the revision stage, the corresponding author is responsible for providing a conflict of interest statement on behalf of all authors. This statement should detail all potential sources of bias, including affiliations, funding sources, financial or management relationships that may give rise to conflicts of interest. In the event that no conflict of interest exists, authors should explicitly state: "The authors declare no competing financial interest."

 

COAUTHOR NOTIFICATION

In the case of manuscripts with multiple authors, it is crucial to give proper credit to all individuals involved. When submitting a manuscript, the author responsible for the submission should provide complete contact information for each coauthor, including their full names, email addresses, institutional affiliations, mailing addresses, and, if available, their Open Research and Contributor Identification (ORCID).

The submitting author assumes the responsibility of informing all coauthors about the manuscript submission. Additionally, the submitting author should declare that every individual named as a coauthor is aware of this fact and has willingly given consent to be included as a coauthor.

 

CHANGES TO AUTHORSHIP

Authors are expected to carefully consider the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the final and definitive list of authors during the original submission. Any changes to the authorship list, including additions, deletions, or rearrangements, should only be made prior to the manuscript's acceptance and with the approval of the journal editor.

To request such changes, the corresponding author must provide the editor with the following: (a) a reason for the proposed alteration in the author list and (b) written confirmation (via email or letter) from all authors indicating their voluntary consent for the addition, removal, or rearrangement. In cases where authors are added or removed, confirmation from the affected individual must also be obtained, indicating their consent.

After the manuscript has been accepted, the editor will only consider adding, deleting, or rearranging authors in exceptional or extenuating circumstances. If the manuscript has not been published online, the publication will be suspended while the editor evaluates the request. In rare instances where the manuscript has already been published online, approved requests may result in issuing a corrigendum to rectify any necessary changes. 

 

ARTICLE RETRACTION & WITHDRAWAL

Scope and Purpose

This policy outlines the guidelines and procedures for the retraction and withdrawal of articles published in Science & Philosophy. The purpose is to maintain the integrity of the scholarly record while addressing exceptional circumstances that may require the removal or correction of published articles.

Grounds for Retraction or Withdrawal

Articles may be retracted or withdrawn in the following cases:

a. Plagiarism: Identification of substantial portions of the article plagiarized from other sources.

b. Fraudulent Data: Discovery of fabricated, falsified, or manipulated data that significantly impacts the validity and integrity of the findings.

c. Ethical Violations: Violation of ethical guidelines or research misconduct, including but not limited to unethical experimentation, undisclosed conflicts of interest, or inadequate consent.

d. Copyright Infringement: Identification of content that infringes upon others' copyright or intellectual property rights.

e. Legal Issues: Compliance with legal requirements such as libel, defamation, or copyright infringement claims.

f. Redundant Publication: Replication of substantial portions of the article that have already been published elsewhere without proper acknowledgement or justification.

g. Serious Errors: Identification of significant errors or flaws that invalidate the article's conclusions or substantially impact the overall scientific merit.

Decision-Making Process

a. The Editor-in-Chief, in consultation with the editorial board, will assess the situation and determine the appropriate course of action.

b. The corresponding author will be contacted, and an opportunity will be provided to respond to the allegations or concerns raised.

c. In cases where the concerns are substantiated, the Editor-in-Chief will decide on retraction or withdrawal, taking into account the severity of the issue and its impact on the scholarly record.

Notification and Public Statement

a. A clear and comprehensive retraction or withdrawal notice will be published promptly, indicating the reasons for the action.

b. The retraction or withdrawal notice will be linked to the original article, ensuring readers are aware of the decision and the associated concerns.

c. In the case of legal requirements or significant ethical concerns, the notice may be accompanied by legal disclaimers or additional clarifications as advised by legal counsel.

Archiving

a. Retracted or withdrawn articles will remain in the journal's official archives to maintain the historical record, and a note indicating their status will be included.

b. The article will be labelled as retracted or withdrawn in the electronic archive, ensuring transparency and preventing further dissemination of misleading or erroneous information.

Appeals and Corrections

a. Authors may appeal the decision of retraction or withdrawal by providing substantial evidence to refute the concerns raised.

b. Corrections to articles that do not warrant retraction or withdrawal may be published as errata, corrigenda, or supplementary materials, with proper acknowledgement and notification to readers.

 

ARTICLE REPLACEMENT

If an article, when implemented, could potentially pose a significant risk, the authors of the original article may decide to retract the flawed version and substitute it with a corrected edition. In such cases, the standard procedures for article retraction will be followed, with the additional provision that the retraction notice in the database will include a link to the corrected and republished article. Furthermore, a comprehensive history of the document will be provided to ensure transparency and clarity regarding the changes made.

 

AUTHOR APPEALS & COMPLAINT

If authors wish to contest a decision, they have the option to appeal. The appeal request should be submitted via email to the Editorial Office of the journal. The appeal must include detailed reasons for the appeal and point-by-point responses to the comments provided by the reviewers and/or editor. The journal manager will handle the appeal request and consult with the Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Team as necessary. The decision made regarding the appeal will be final, and no further alterations will be permitted.

Any complaints or concerns related to editorial work, publications, or other issues pertaining to the journal can be sent to fabmatu@gmail.com. The publisher and editors-in-chief will handle the complaint appropriately, following the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines.

 

ARCHIVING POLICY AND PRE-PRINT POLICY

ARCHIVING POLICY

To ensure permanent access to our publications, we work with different partners to archive our content: A full archival copy of all publications is deposited in electronic and print format in the Firenze National Library in Italy. The contents are archived and preserved by PKP Private LOCKSS Network. Authors are encouraged to self-archive the final version of their published articles into institutional repositories (such as those listed in the Directory of Open Access Repositories). For this purpose, authors are strongly encouraged to use the final PDF version published on the website. Science & Philosophy retains copies of submitted manuscripts and supporting files for record-keeping purposes. However, for articles that are rejected, we will comply with requests from authors to delete such files from our database.

PRE-PRINT POLICY

Introduction:

Science & Philosophy recognizes the value of pre-print publications in fostering open scientific discourse, accelerating research dissemination, and facilitating collaboration within the scientific community. This pre-print policy outlines the guidelines and procedures for authors who wish to share their work on pre-print servers prior to formal submission and peer review.

Pre-Print Submission:

Authors are encouraged to submit their manuscripts to recognized pre-print servers in science. The pre-print version should clearly state that it is an original manuscript and has not been formally peer-reviewed or published in any journal. Authors are responsible for ensuring that their pre-print submissions comply with the policies and guidelines of the selected pre-print server.

Manuscript Consideration:

The submission of a pre-print version does not preclude authors from submitting the same work to Science & Philosophy for formal peer review and possible publication. The journal will consider manuscripts previously posted as pre-prints, provided they have not undergone peer review elsewhere.

Transparency and Acknowledgment:

Authors are required to disclose in their manuscript submission to Science & Philosophy if a pre-print version of the work has been previously posted. The authors should include a statement in the manuscript indicating the pre-prints title, version, and digital object identifier (DOI). Additionally, authors are expected to acknowledge any feedback or comments from the community during the pre-print stage.

Impact on the Review Process:

The pre-print version will not influence the peer review process at Science & Philosophy. The submitted manuscript will be subjected to the same rigorous review process as any other submission to ensure its scientific quality, validity, and contribution to science.

Revision and Publication:

If the manuscript is accepted for publication in Science & Philosophy, the final published version will undergo necessary revisions and modifications in accordance with the journal's formatting and style guidelines. The published article will be distinguished from the pre-print version and assigned a separate DOI.

Citation and Reference:

Authors should cite the pre-print version of their work if it has been previously posted. The citation should include the pre-prints title, authors, pre-print server, and the associated DOI. Updating the citation when the final published version becomes available is important.

Embargo and Embargoed Pre-Prints:

Science & Philosophy respects the practice of embargoed pre-prints. Authors who have submitted their work to Science & Philosophy are allowed to post an earlier version on a pre-print server with an embargo period, provided it does not exceed the journal's embargo policy. Once the embargo period expires, the pre-print can be made openly accessible.

Revision of Pre-Print Policy:

Science & Philosophy reserves the right to revise this pre-print policy as deemed necessary. Any changes to the policy will be communicated to authors and made available on the journal's website.

 By adhering to this pre-print policy, Science & Philosophy aims to support the open exchange of scientific knowledge while upholding the quality and integrity of published research.

 

DATA SHARING AND REPRODUCIBILITY

At Science & Philosophy, we recognize the critical importance of transparency, openness, and reproducibility in scientific research. To uphold the highest standards of integrity and promote the advancement of knowledge, we have established clear policies regarding data sharing and reproducibility for the benefit of our authors, readers, and the broader scientific community.

 

1. Data Availability

Authors submitting manuscripts to Science & Philosophy are required to provide detailed information about the data used in their research. This includes, but is not limited to, raw data, processed data, and any supplementary materials necessary for the replication of the study. Data should be made available in a publicly accessible repository or through the journal's designated data-sharing platform.

 

2. Data Accessibility

Authors are encouraged to choose widely recognized and accessible repositories for sharing their data. If the data cannot be deposited in a public repository, alternative arrangements should be made to ensure that interested parties can access the data upon request. Authors are responsible for providing sufficient metadata to facilitate the understanding and usability of the shared data.

 

3. Code and Algorithms

In addition to data, authors are encouraged to share the code and algorithms used in their research. This enhances the reproducibility of the study and allows other researchers to build upon the work. Code and algorithms should be deposited in a public repository or included as supplementary materials with the manuscript.

 

4. Reproducibility Statements

Authors are required to include a reproducibility statement in their manuscripts. This statement should detail the availability of data, code, and any other necessary materials for the replication of the study. If certain restrictions apply to data sharing, such as ethical or legal constraints, authors should clearly communicate these limitations in the reproducibility statement.

 

5. Peer Review and Verification

During the peer review process, reviewers may request access to the data and code supporting the manuscript. Authors are expected to cooperate with such requests and provide the necessary information for a thorough evaluation of the research. Verification of results through replication is a fundamental aspect of the review process.

 

6. Exceptions and Special Cases

In some instances, authors may encounter challenges in sharing certain types of data or code. In such cases, authors are encouraged to contact the editorial office to discuss potential solutions or alternative arrangements that maintain the principles of transparency and reproducibility.

 

Science & Philosophy is committed to fostering a culture of openness and accountability in research. By adhering to these data-sharing and reproducibility policies, we aim to contribute to the robustness and credibility of scientific knowledge and facilitate collaboration within the Science & Philosophy community.

 

JOURNAL'S POLICY ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

At Science & Philosophy, we value and respect the intellectual contributions of authors, recognizing the importance of protecting intellectual property rights. Our policies aim to strike a balance between fostering innovation and ensuring the responsible and ethical use of intellectual property in scholarly works.

 

Author's Responsibilities

Originality and Attribution: Authors submitting manuscripts to Science & Philosophy must ensure that their work is original and has not been published elsewhere. Proper attribution to the original sources is crucial, and any use of copyrighted material should comply with fair use principles or obtain appropriate permissions.

 

Plagiarism and Misrepresentation

Authors are strictly prohibited from engaging in plagiarism or any form of misrepresentation. Plagiarism includes but is not limited to the use of someone else's words, ideas, or work without proper acknowledgment. All sources, including the author's own previous work, must be appropriately cited.

 

Journal's Rights and Responsibilities

Publication and Licensing: By submitting a manuscript to Science & Philosophy, authors grant the journal the right to publish and disseminate the work. The journal may use appropriate licenses, such as Creative Commons licenses, to specify the terms under which the work can be shared, reused, and distributed.

 

Permissions and Copyright

Authors are responsible for obtaining all necessary permissions for the use of copyrighted material in their manuscripts. If the manuscript includes any material that requires permission, authors must provide evidence of such permissions before publication.

 

Protection of Author's Rights

Author Retention of Rights: Authors retain the copyright to their original work published in Science & Philosophy. The journal, however, is granted an exclusive license to publish the work. Authors are free to reuse, reproduce, and distribute their work in other publications or forums with proper attribution to the original publication in Science & Philosophy.

 

Open Access and Archiving

Science & Philosophy supports open access principles to maximize the dissemination of knowledge. Authors may be required to choose an open-access option, allowing their work to be freely accessible. The journal also participates in archiving initiatives to preserve and provide long-term access to published content.

 

Dispute Resolution

Resolution of Disputes: In case of disputes related to intellectual property, Science & Philosophy is committed to facilitating fair and timely resolution. Authors, reviewers, and readers are encouraged to communicate with the editorial office to address any concerns or disputes regarding the use or attribution of intellectual property.

 

By adhering to these intellectual property policies, Science & Philosophy aims to create a scholarly environment that promotes the responsible use of intellectual contributions while safeguarding the rights of authors and contributors. We appreciate the collaboration of authors, reviewers, and readers in upholding these principles.

 

JOURNAL'S OPTIONS FOR POST-PUBLICATION DISCUSSIONS AND CORRECTIONS

Post-Publication Discussions

Replies and Responses Articles: Authors are encouraged to submit replies and response articles directly related to previously published papers, providing additional insights or alternative viewpoints.

Corrections and Updates

 

Errata Section

A dedicated section for errors or inaccuracies in published articles, serving as a transparent record of amendments to ensure the accuracy of the scholarly record.

 

Corrections Process

Authors are urged to notify the editorial office promptly about errors or corrections, and the editorial team collaborates with authors to issue formal corrections, updates, or clarifications.

 

Editorial Oversight

 

Editorial Review

Corrections undergo a thorough review process to ensure accuracy and appropriateness, maintaining the highest standards of integrity and transparency.

Editorial Expression of Concern: In cases of concerns about the validity or integrity of published work, Science & Philosophy may issue an editorial expression of concern, providing transparency while the matter is resolved.

 

By offering these options for post-publication discussions, replies, and corrections, Science & Philosophy is dedicated to upholding the highest standards of quality and accuracy in published content, welcoming the active participation of the Science & Philosophy community in advancing scholarly discourse.

 

JOURNAL'S POLICY ON ETHICAL OVERSIGHT

Science & Philosophy is committed to upholding the highest standards of ethics and integrity in research. Our ethical oversight policies are designed to ensure the responsible conduct of research, protect the rights and welfare of participants, and maintain the credibility and reputation of the journal.

 

Author Responsibilities

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors are required to submit original work that has not been published elsewhere. Plagiarism, including the use of someone else's words or ideas without proper acknowledgment, is strictly prohibited. Proper citation and attribution are essential to maintaining academic integrity.

 

Authorship

All listed authors must have made a significant contribution to the research and agree to the final version of the manuscript. Any changes to authorship after submission must be communicated and justified to the editorial office.

 

Data Integrity

Authors should provide accurate and transparent data. Fabrication, falsification, or selective reporting of data is considered unethical. Raw data and methodologies should be made available for review upon request.

 

Peer Review Process

Fair and Unbiased Review

The peer review process is conducted with fairness, objectivity, and impartiality. Reviewers are selected based on their expertise, and conflicts of interest are identified and managed. Authors have the right to request alternative reviewers.

 

Confidentiality

Reviewers are required to treat manuscripts confidentially, refraining from discussing the content with anyone outside of the review process. Authors' identities are protected during the review process.

 

Ethical Treatment of Participants

Research Involving Humans or Animals: Authors conducting research involving human participants or animals must obtain ethical approval from an appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee. Informed consent must be obtained, and research must comply with relevant ethical guidelines and regulations.

 

Patient Consent and Privacy: For studies involving patient data, authors must obtain informed consent and maintain patient privacy and confidentiality. Identifying information should not be disclosed without explicit permission.

 

Publication Ethics

Conflict of Interest: Authors, reviewers, and editors must disclose any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the research or publication process. Conflicts of interest will be managed transparently.

 

Correction and Retraction: If errors are identified post-publication, authors are expected to promptly notify the editorial office. Corrections will be issued transparently, and retractions will be considered in cases of serious ethical concerns.

 

Editorial Responsibilities

Editorial Decision-Making: Editors make decisions based on the academic merit of submissions, without discrimination. Editorial processes are transparent, and decisions are communicated clearly to authors.

 

Editorial Independence: Editors are committed to editorial independence, free from any undue influence. Commercial, political, or other pressures that could compromise editorial integrity are not tolerated.

 

Enforcement and Reporting

 

Reporting Ethical Concerns

Authors, reviewers, and readers are encouraged to report any ethical concerns to the editorial office. The journal will investigate and take appropriate action in response to ethical issues.

 

By adhering to these ethical oversight policies, Science & Philosophy aims to foster a scholarly environment built on trust, accountability, and the highest ethical standards in research.

 

ACCESSIBILITY STATEMENT

Science & Philosophy is committed to providing open access to its content, ensuring that readers worldwide have free and unrestricted access to the journal's articles and resources. As part of our dedication to the dissemination of knowledge, the following accessibility policies are in place:

Open Access: All articles published in Science & Philosophy are freely accessible on the journal's website. Readers can view, download, and share the content without any subscription or payment requirements.

No Subscription Fees: Science & Philosophy does not impose any subscription fees on individual readers, institutions, or libraries. The entire content of the journal is available to the public, fostering inclusivity and maximizing the global impact of research.

No Pay-Per-View Fees: Readers are not required to pay any fees for accessing individual articles on the Science & Philosophy website. The journal operates on a model of free and open dissemination of research to support academic collaboration and the advancement of knowledge.

Author Rights to Share: Authors retain the copyright to their original work published in Science & Philosophy. This allows authors the freedom to share their published articles openly and widely, contributing to the global community.

Permanent and Free Archiving: Science & Philosophy ensures permanent and free access to its archived content. Readers can explore past issues and articles without any access restrictions, promoting a sustainable and enduring platform for scholarship.

Searchable and Indexable Content: The journal's content is searchable and indexable by various academic databases and search engines. This enhances the discoverability of Science & Philosophy articles, making them easily accessible to researchers, educators, and students worldwide.

By maintaining a commitment to open access, Science & Philosophy aims to facilitate the broadest possible dissemination of research. The journal recognizes the importance of freely sharing knowledge and strives to contribute to the global academic community by providing unrestricted access to its valuable content.

 

REVENUE SOURCES STATEMENT

At Science & Philosophy, transparency is a fundamental principle in our operations. We believe in providing clear information to our stakeholders, including authors, readers, and the broader academic community, regarding the sources of revenue that sustain our journal. The following outlines our revenue sources and business model:

Author Fees: Science & Philosophy requests a nominal author fee of 50€ upon acceptance of a manuscript for publication. This fee contributes to the costs associated with the editorial process, production, and maintenance of the open-access platform.

Open-Access Model: Science & Philosophy operates on an open-access model, allowing readers free and unrestricted access to all published content. The journal covers operational costs through author fees, ensuring that readers worldwide can benefit from the availability of high-quality research without subscription fees.

No Subscription Fees: Science & Philosophy does not charge any subscription fees to individual readers, institutions, or libraries. The entire journal is freely accessible, aligning with our commitment to the broad dissemination of knowledge.

No Pay-Per-View Fees: Readers are not required to pay any fees for accessing individual articles. We believe in providing open and unrestricted access to our content without imposing financial barriers on readers.

Advertising: Science & Philosophy may engage in responsible advertising practices to generate additional revenue. Advertisements, if present, will be clearly distinguishable from editorial content and will not influence editorial decision-making.

Institutional and Organizational Support: The journal may receive support from institutions or organizations that share our commitment to advancing research. Such support may come in the form of grants, partnerships, or collaborative initiatives.

Reprints: The journal may offer reprints of articles for interested parties, with associated fees covering production and distribution costs. The availability and pricing of reprints will be clearly communicated on the journal's website.

It is important to note that the payment of author fees does not influence the editorial decision-making process. Editorial decisions are solely based on the academic merit and contribution of the submitted manuscripts. Science & Philosophy is dedicated to maintaining integrity, transparency, and accessibility in its business model, ensuring that the costs associated with publishing are balanced with the goal of providing open access to valuable research.

 

POLICY ON DIRECT MARKETING

Science & Philosophy recognizes the importance of direct marketing activities in fostering engagement with potential authors and readers. Our approach to direct marketing aligns with ethical standards, aiming for appropriateness, precision, and non-intrusiveness. The following guidelines define our stance on direct marketing:

Appropriateness: Direct marketing activities undertaken on behalf of Science & Philosophy are conducted with appropriateness in mind. We strive to reach out to individuals and institutions who are likely to have a genuine interest in research and contributions to the journal.

Well-Targeted Approach: Our direct marketing efforts are well-targeted, focusing on reaching individuals and organizations that align with the scope and interests of Science & Philosophy. This targeted approach ensures that our communications are relevant to the recipients.

Unobtrusiveness: We understand the importance of respecting the preferences and privacy of our potential authors and readers. Our direct marketing activities are designed to be unobtrusive, avoiding excessive or intrusive communication methods.

Truthfulness and Accuracy: Information provided in direct marketing materials about Science & Philosophy, its publisher, or the journal itself is expected to be truthful, accurate, and transparent. We aim to provide clear and reliable information that helps recipients make informed decisions about engaging with the journal.

Avoidance of Misleading Content: Our commitment to ethical direct marketing includes a pledge to avoid any misleading information. Marketing materials are crafted to provide an accurate representation of the journal's goals, scope, and the benefits of contributing to or accessing content from Science & Philosophy.

Respect for Opt-Out Preferences: Science & Philosophy respects individuals' preferences regarding communication. Recipients of direct marketing materials have the option to opt-out or unsubscribe from future communications, and their choices will be promptly honored.

Compliance with Applicable Regulations: Our direct marketing practices adhere to applicable laws and regulations governing such activities. We prioritize compliance with data protection and privacy regulations to ensure the security and confidentiality of individuals' information.

By adhering to these principles, Science & Philosophy aims to conduct direct marketing activities that are effective in reaching our target audience and uphold the highest standards of integrity, transparency, and respect for the preferences of potential authors and readers. We are committed to building positive and meaningful relationships with the community through ethical marketing practices.

 

 

Who is APAV?

The publisher of Science & Philosophy, "Accademia Piceno – Aprutina dei Velati in Teramo," has its roots traced back to the distant year 1598. Originally founded by the Jesuit Sertorio Caputo, it operated for approximately 300 years under the name Accademia Arcadica. In 1988, the current iteration, Accademia Piceno – Aprutina dei Velati in Teramo, was re-established by a group of university professors. Its primary objective is to promote multidisciplinary research through collaboration among its members.

The term "Velati" in the academy's name signifies collaboration. The intention is to emphasize group work and harmony, favouring communal efforts over individual endeavours. This collaborative spirit is reflected in the term "Velati," symbolizing a commitment to shared cultural interests.

The academy's logo features a bas-relief known as the "lapide delle male lingue" or "lingue trafitte," dating back to the 15th century. This stone relief, located in Teramo, depicts two faces in profile facing each other, both with protruding tongues pierced by an open compass. The accompanying motto, "Alo parlare agi mesura" (Measure your words), emphasizes the importance of thoughtful expression.

The historical significance of the stone is linked to a complex period of political turmoil in Teramo during the late 14th and early 15th centuries. It represents a response to threats made against Giosia Acquaviva, Duke of Atri, by the leader of the rival Melatino faction.

Today, the stone is housed in the Municipality of Teramo council chamber. It serves as a historical artifact and a symbol of the academy's commitment to collaborative research and cultural unity. The academy's activities encompass various disciplines, and its publication, Science & Philosophy, likely aligns with its mission to promote multidisciplinary research.