From Continuous to Discrete via V&V Bar

Thomas Vougiouklis


The ‘continuous’ and the ‘discrete’ in nature and in science live and fight forever. The questionnaires and the Lickert scales are indispensable and widely used tools in social sciences research. Vougiouklis & Vougiouklis bar is a new tool introduced as an alternative to Lickert scales. We believe that such an alternative might offer some solutions to problems that crop up during the fight between continuous and discrete. Nevertheless, the greatest contribution of the V&V bar is that it offers the researchers freedom in all stages of the research procedure using a questionnaire.


continuous; discrete; questionnaires; Lickert scale; V&V bar

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