Indicators: Syntactic Vision and Semantic Vision: First Part (Indicadores: la Visión Sintáctica y la Visión Semántica: Primera Parte)

Alberto Marradi


In this essay several aspects of the concept ‘indicator’ are criticized, as well as the technical consequences of those misconceptions. The most relevant among them is the pretence of measuring the validity of an indicator, e. g. the degree of semantic correspondence between the indicator and  the concept which it is supposes to refer to.




indicator; operational definition; semantics; validity; measurement

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Science & Philosophy - Journal of Epistemology, Science and Philosophy. ISSN 2282-7757; eISSN  2282-7765.