### The distinguishing number and the distinguishing index of co-normal product of two graphs

#### Abstract

The distinguishing number (index) $D(G)$ ($D'(G)$) of a graph $G$ is the least integer $d$ such that $G$ has an vertex labeling (edge labeling) with $d$ labels that is preserved only by a trivial automorphism. The co-normal product $G\star H$ of two graphs $G$ and $H$ is the graph with vertex set $V (G)\times V (H)$ and edge set $\{\{(x_1, x_2), (y_1, y_2)\} | x_1y_1 \in E(G) ~{\rm or}~x_2y_2 \in E(H)\}$.

In this paper we study the distinguishing number and the distinguishing index of the co-normal product of two graphs. We prove that for every $k \geq 3$, the $k$-th co-normal power of a connected graph $G$ with no false twin vertex and no dominating vertex, has the distinguishing number and the distinguishing index equal two.

In this paper we study the distinguishing number and the distinguishing index of the co-normal product of two graphs. We prove that for every $k \geq 3$, the $k$-th co-normal power of a connected graph $G$ with no false twin vertex and no dominating vertex, has the distinguishing number and the distinguishing index equal two.

#### Full Text:

PDFDOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23755/rm.v36i1.452

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Copyright (c) 2019 Saeid Alikhani, Samaneh Soltani

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Ratio Mathematica - Journal of Mathematics, Statistics, and Applications. ISSN 1592-7415; e-ISSN 2282-8214.