Questionnaires with the ‘bar’ in social sciences

Thomas Vougiouklis, Penelope Vougiouklis


Vougiouklis & Vougiouklis have proposed the replacement of Likert scales, usually used in questionnaires, with a bar. With this proposal a discrete situation is replaced by a fuzzy one. There are identified certain advantages concerning the use of the bar as compared to that of a scale during both the stages of filling-in as well as processing a questionnaire. The main advantage is the fact that it is much quicker to fill in and much easier to explain to participants. The bar provides the potential for different types of processing Likert scales cannot offer. Therefore the researchers are allowed to ascertain that the given answers follow the Gauss or a parabola distribution, and they have the opportunity to ‘correct’ this tendency. In this research it is offered a possibility of choosing amongst a number of alternatives by utilizing fuzzy logic in the same way as it has already been done in industry and combining mathematical models with multivalued operations. Finally, the suggested method is applied in a Course and Teaching Evaluation process by the students of Democritus University of Thrace.


Bar, Likert scale, fuzzy logic, questionnaire, mathematical models, hyperstructures.

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