Energy sustainability of buildings during construction-phase

Monica Cannaviello


During their life cycle, construction works absorb resources and contribute to the transformation of the environment. A fundamental objective of sustainability is to reduce the total amount of non-renewable primary energy. In building construction, the life cycle energy consumption is made up not only of operating energy, but also of embodied energy. The research investigates, in particular, the issues related to the initial embodied energy that represents the energy used from “cradle to site”.


Hong, T., Ji, C., Jang, M., and Park, H. (2014). Assessment Model for Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions during Building Construction. Journal of Management in Engineering, 30(2), 226–235.

Allen E., Iano J., N. (2013) Fundamentals of Building Construction: Materials and Methods, John Wiley & Sons, Città

Sattary A., Thorpe D., (2012) Optimizing embodied energy of building construction through bioclimatic principles In: Smith S.D (Ed) Procs 28th Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September 2012, Edinburgh, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 1401-1411

Haynes R., (2010) Embodied Energy Calculations within Life Cycle Analysis of Residential buildings, in: eTool Analysis software for sustainable design, Sydeny, Australia

Krigsvoll G., Fumo M., Morbiducci R., (2010) National and International Standardization (International Organization for Standardization and European Committee for Standardization) Relevant for Sustainability in Construction, Sustainability, 2, 37773971

Hammond H., Jones C., (2008) Inventory of Carbon and Energy (ICE) Version 1.6a - Summary. UK University of Bath, Department of Mechanical Engineering.

Holtzhausen, H. J. (2007). Embodied energy and its impact on architectural decisions. 3rd international Conference on Sustainable Development Planning, 25-27 April 2007. 102, pp. 377-385. Algrave, Portugal

Sartori I., Hestnes A. G. (2007) Energy use in the life cycle of conventional and low-energy buildings: A review article, Energy and Buildings, 39, 249-257.

ViJayan A., Kumar A. (2005) A Review of Tools to Asses the Sustainability in Building Construction, Wiley Interscience, 28 January 2005.


  • There are currently no refbacks.