Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement


Ratio Mathematica is committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles. The following duties outlined for editors, authors, and reviewers are based on the guidelines of the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors. Editors, authors, and reviewers will also adhere to the submission guideline policies.


Duties of Editor

  • Publication Decisions:Based on the review report of the editorial review board, the editor can accept, reject, or request modifications to the manuscript.
  • Review of Manuscripts:Each editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality, making use of appropriate software to do so. Following desk review, the manuscript is forwarded blind peer review to the editorial review board who will make a recommendation to accept, reject, or modify the manuscript.
  • Fair Review:The editor must ensure that each manuscript received by Ratio Mathematica is reviewed for its intellectual content without regard to sex, gender, race, religion, citizenship, etc. of the authors.
  • Confidentiality:The editor must ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest:The editor of Ratio Mathematica will not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his/her own research without written consent of the author.


Duties of Authors

  • Reporting Standards:Authors should present an accurate account of their original research as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts will follow the submission guidelines of the journal.
  • Originality:Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work.
  • Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications:Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. It is also expected that the author will not publish redundant manuscripts or manuscripts describing the same research in more than one journal.
  • Acknowledgement of Sources:Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in the research work.
  • Authorship of the Paper:Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. Others who have made significant contribution must be listed as co-authors. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors.
  • Data Access and Retention:Authors should provide raw data related to their manuscript for editorial review and must retain such data.
  • Fundamental Errors in Published Works:If at any point of time, the author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in submitted manuscript, then the error or inaccuracy must be reported to the editor.
  • The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)). The journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Changes in authorship, or in the order of authors, are not accepted after the acceptance for publication of a manuscript.
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material.
  • Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results.


Duties of Reviewers

  • Confidentiality:Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and be treated as privileged information.
  • Acknowledgement of Sources:Manuscript reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Any kind of similarity or overlap between the manuscripts under consideration or with any other published paper of which reviewer has personal knowledge must be immediately brought to the editor’s notice.
  • Standards of Objectivity:Review of submitted manuscripts must be done objectively and the reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
  • Promptness:In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within stipulated time then this information must be communicated to the editor, so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer.


Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism, a specific subset of academic dishonesty, is the representation of another person’s work, words, thoughts, or ideas, as one’s own. Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, copying material and using ideas from an article, book, unpublished paper, or the Internet without proper documentation of references or without properly enclosing quoted material in quotation marks. Plagiarism also includes sentences that follow an original source too closely, often created by simply substituting synonyms for another person’s words. “Plagiarism is copying another person’s text or ideas and passing the copied material as your own work. Thus, authors should both delineate (i.e., separate and identify) the copied text from your text and give credit to (i.e., cite the source) the source of the copied text to avoid accusations of plagiarism.  Plagiarism is considered fraud and has potentially harsh consequences including loss of job, loss of reputation, and the assignation of reduced or failing grade in a course.

This definition of plagiarism applies for copied text and ideas (Plagiarism:  What It Is and How to Avoid It”, Peter Cobbett, PhD, August 2016):

  • regardless of the source of the copied text or idea;
  • regardless of whether the author(s) of the text or idea which you have copied actually copied that text or idea from another source; 
  • regardless of whether or not the authorship of the text or idea which you copy is known;
  • regardless of the nature of your text (journal paper/article, webpage, book chapter, paper submitted for college course, etc) into which you copy the text or idea; 
  • regardless of  whether or not the author of the source of the copied material gives permission for the material to be copied; and
  • regardless of whether you are or are not the author of the source of the copied text or idea (self plagiarism).

This definition also applies for figures and figure legends and for tables and table legends which you copy into your text.”  Plagiarism can be said to have clearly occurred when large chunks of text have been cut-and-pasted. Such manuscripts would not be considered for publication in the journal. But minor plagiarism without dishonest intent is relatively frequent, for example, when an author reuses parts of an introduction from an earlier paper. The editors judge any case of which they become aware (either by their own knowledge of and reading about the literature, or when alerted by referees) on its own merits.