Instructions for Authors


Both word and latex are accepted. Please download the following templates:

Download template (Tex)

Download template (Word)

Contact details for submission 
Authors are requested to submit their papers to:

Contact details for information

For any information, authors can contact the following mail address:

Mandatory Structure of the Paper

Length and Sections

Manuscripts should be between 2000 and 8000 words in length (including references, tables and figures). Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


The title should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations 

Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding author

Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum 150 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using British or American spelling, but not a mixture of these, and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and”, “of”).

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Results should be clear and concise.

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise.

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.

Citation in the text 
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either ‘Unpublished results’ or ‘Personal communication’. Citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication. In the text, it is possible to use numbers or the surnames of the authors with the year (author, year) .

Web references 
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

References Style

Please use Harvard referencing style.


To see other examples visit and use the command “action” on this website, then use “cite” and check some examples of this style from crossref.

Check Before Sending a Paper

  • Before to submit a paper, the authors should check the following items:
  • Only one author has been designated as the corresponding author (quoting with “*” his name);
  • The manuscript includes keywords and captions for tables and figures;
  • Manuscript has been ‘spell checked’ and ‘grammar checked’;
  • All figure and table citations in the text match the files provided;
  • If color should be used for figures in the print version of the paper, the authors should indicate this in the accompanying letter;
  • All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa;
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet);
  • Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed;
  • Please provide two papers: the first one (for editors) should contain all information whereas the second one (for reviewers) should not have any identifying features; this is to ensure that Authors’ identity is not revealed in this second manuscript;

Declaration of Interest

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The journal is committed to real and immediate open access for academic work. All of the journal articles are free to access immediately from the date of publication. There are no charge for readers to download articles and reviews for their own scholarly use. Benefits of open access for authors, include:

  • Free access for all users worldwide;
  • Increased visibility and readership;
  • Rapid publication;
  • No spatial constraints;
  • Authors can share their research papers on their personal web-pages (i.e. ResearchGate, etc.).

Copyright and Licensing Terms

Ratio Mathematica publishes open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License. The Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY) allows users to copy, distribute and transmit an article, adapt the article and make commercial use of the article. The CC BY license permits commercial and non-commercial re-use of an open access article, as long as the author is properly attributed. Copyright on any research article published by Ratio Mathematica is retained by the author(s). Authors grant Ratio Mathematica a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. For further information visit: The following logo will appear in any paper that will be published from the volume number 31/2016 onwards:

Creative Commons Licence


Publication Fees (Article Processing Charge)

An article processing charge (APC) of 60,00 € is requested for papers accepted for publication.  This publication fee is not requested in case of rejection of the article. A further payment of 40 € is due in case the authors want to receive a printed copy of the issue. A further payment of 50 € is due for any figure in case the authors require colored figures in the print copy. Details for sending the payment will be given to the corresponding author after the acceptance of his paper.

Review Policy
This journal has adopted a double blind reviewing policy, where both the referee and author remain anonymous throughout the process. Please remove all identifying features from the paper itself, ensuring that Authors’ identity is not revealed. However, this does not preclude Authors from citing their own works. However, Authors must cite their works in a manner that does not make explicit their identity. Editors will email selected Reviewers the submission. Reviewers who agree to review the paper submit their comments, and select a recommendation. After the refereeing process is complete, a section editor will make a decision for acceptance or rejection. There are two types of revisions: major or minor. For a major revision, original referees will be invited to review the manuscript again. For a minor revision, no more reviews are required, the editor will make the final decision of acceptance if both the content and format are acceptable.

Instruction for Peer Reviewers

The first responsibility of peer reviewers is to respond by the date indicated within the message accompanying the manuscript. If you are unable to review or return the manuscript by that date, please notify the editorial office as soon as possible so that the manuscript can be sent out to another reviewer without delay. The unpublished manuscript is a privileged document. Please protect it from any form of exploitation. If you believe that you cannot judge a given article impartially, please advise the editorial office with that explanation. You are not requested to correct mistakes in grammar, but any help in this regard will be appreciated. In your review, please consider the following aspects as you evaluate the overall quality of the manuscript: importance, originality, clarity, organization, accuracy, methodology, results, interpretation, references.

Reviewers should send the review form to the following mail addresses:

Reviewers should download the journal form at the following link:

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Ratio Mathematica is committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles. The following duties outlined for editors, authors, and reviewers are based on the guidelines of the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors. Editors, authors, and reviewers will also adhere to the submission guideline policies.

Duties of Editor

  • Publication Decisions:Based on the review report of the editorial review board, the editor can accept, reject, or request modifications to the manuscript.
  • Review of Manuscripts:Each editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality, making use of appropriate software to do so. Following desk review, the manuscript is forwarded blind peer review to the editorial review board who will make a recommendation to accept, reject, or modify the manuscript.
  • Fair Review:The editor must ensure that each manuscript received by Ratio Mathematica is reviewed for its intellectual content without regard to sex, gender, race, religion, citizenship, etc. of the authors.
  • Confidentiality:The editor must ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest:The editor of Ratio Mathematica will not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his/her own research without written consent of the author.

Duties of Authors

  • Reporting Standards:Authors should present an accurate account of their original research as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts will follow the submission guidelines of the journal;
  • Originality:Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work;
  • Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications:Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. It is also expected that the author will not publish redundant manuscripts or manuscripts describing the same research in more than one journal;
  • Acknowledgement of Sources:Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in the research work;
  • Authorship of the Paper:Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. Others who have made significant contribution must be listed as co-authors. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors;
  • Data Access and Retention:Authors should provide raw data related to their manuscript for editorial review and must retain such data;
  • Fundamental Errors in Published Works:If at any point of time, the author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in submitted manuscript, then the error or inaccuracy must be reported to the editor;
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work; please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”). The journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Changes in authorship, or in the order of authors, are not accepted after the acceptance for publication of a manuscript;
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given; this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased; quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material.
  • Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results.
  • In case of accepted paper, the authors should send the consent for publishing to the editor (download the form).

Duties of Reviewers

  • Confidentiality:Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and be treated as privileged information.
  • Acknowledgement of Sources:Manuscript reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Any kind of similarity or overlap between the manuscripts under consideration or with any other published paper of which reviewer has personal knowledge must be immediately brought to the editor’s notice.
  • Standards of Objectivity:Review of submitted manuscripts must be done objectively and the reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
  • Promptness:In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within stipulated time then this information must be communicated to the editor, so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism, a specific subset of academic dishonesty, is the representation of another person’s work, words, thoughts, or ideas, as one’s own. Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, copying material and using ideas from an article, book, unpublished paper, or the Internet without proper documentation of references or without properly enclosing quoted material in quotation marks. Plagiarism also includes sentences that follow an original source too closely, often created by simply substituting synonyms for another person’s words. “Plagiarism is copying another person’s text or ideas and passing the copied material as your own work. Thus, authors should both delineate (i.e., separate and identify) the copied text from your text and give credit to (i.e., cite the source) the source of the copied text to avoid accusations of plagiarism.  Plagiarism is considered fraud and has potentially harsh consequences including loss of job, loss of reputation, and the assignation of reduced or failing grade in a course.

This definition of plagiarism applies for copied text and ideas (Plagiarism:  What It Is and How to Avoid It”, Peter Cobbett, PhD, August 2016):

  • regardless of the source of the copied text or idea;
  • regardless of whether the author(s) of the text or idea which you have copied actually copied that text or idea from another source; 
  • regardless of whether or not the authorship of the text or idea which you copy is known;
  • regardless of the nature of your text (journal paper/article, webpage, book chapter, paper submitted for college course, etc) into which you copy the text or idea; 
  • regardless of  whether or not the author of the source of the copied material gives permission for the material to be copied; and
  • regardless of whether you are or are not the author of the source of the copied text or idea (self plagiarism).

This definition also applies for figures and figure legends and for tables and table legends which you copy into your text.”  Plagiarism can be said to have clearly occurred when large chunks of text have been cut-and-pasted. Such manuscripts would not be considered for publication in the journal. But minor plagiarism without dishonest intent is relatively frequent, for example, when an author reuses parts of an introduction from an earlier paper. The editors judge any case of which they become aware (either by their own knowledge of and reading about the literature, or when alerted by referees) on its own merits.